Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of the Republic of Moldova

The Embassy of the Republic of Moldova to People’s Republic of China

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Science

On July 15th, 2004, the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova adopted the Law "Code on Science and Innovation of the Republic of Moldova" governing activity in this field.

In accordance with the legislation, supports to scientific research as well as the stimulation of a lasting innovation climate were determined as top priorities for the social-economic development of the Republic of Moldova.

The upward evolution of each country is determined by the volume of scientific and innovation technologies relative to GDP. It is extremely important for the Republic of Moldova which does not have natural resources capable of contributing to economic survival. In this context, the republic's leadership took the decision to leverage all human, material and financial resources available to ensure the country's innovative development. In order to stimulate the development of science, the decision was adopted to increase annual investment in scientific research, reaching 1% of GDP by 2009 (in 2003 – 0.17%).

In line with the country's social-economic development priority directorates, strategic directions of activity in the field of science and innovation were also determined:

  1.  Building the rule of law and the highlighting of Moldova's cultural and historical heritage in the context of European integration.
  2. Harnessing human, natural and informational resources for sustainable development.

  3. Biomedicine, pharmaceutical, maintenance and fortification of health.
  4. Agricultural biotechnologies, soil fertility and food security.
  5. Nanotechnologies, industrial engineering, new products and materials.
  6. Efficiency of the energy complex and ensuring energy security, including by using renewable resources.

 

The Code on Science and Innovation radically changed the role of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova in the system of organization and management of science. The Academy of Sciences of Moldova became an organization of national interest in the field of science and innovation, plenipotentiary coordinator of scientific and innovation activity, the supreme scientific forum of the country, the scientific consultant of public authorities of the Republic of Moldova.

Six scientific sections work at the Academy of Sciences:

  • Department of Mathematical and Economic Sciences
  • Biological Sciences Department
  • Chemical and Ecological, Department of Physical Sciences and Engineers
  • Department of Medical Sciences
  • Department of Agricultural Sciences and
  • Department of Humanities and Arts, which, in accordance with its scientific profile, both coordinate the scientific activity of 38 organizations in the field of science and innovation, as well as the scientific subdivisions of 10 higher education institutions.

 

The main objective, which A.S.M. proposes, is to solve three priority issues:

  • Achieving worldwide high-performing scientific results
  • Ensuring the most important decisions by the management with scientific expertise
  • Inventing new-era technologies to increase the living level of the population

Recognizing the priority of the development of fundamental research, which is a valuable source of new knowledge, the management of the Academy of Sciences simultaneously directs the work of technology and innovation towards a diversion of the results of scientific research into new technologies and technologies in the purpose of their implementation in the national economy.

Currently these works are concentrated in 14 state programs and 34 technological transfer projects in the field of developing new alternative energy sources, biomedicine, pharmaceuticals, nanotechnologies and obtaining new materials, maintaining soil fertility and food security, creating new varieties of agricultural crops and plant protection, etc.

Researches in all these areas are carried out jointly with researchers from the US, the European Union, CIS countries, Romania and other states. Moreover, a considerable proportion of financial sources come from abroad.

One of the top prioritized directions of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova is to avoid the isolation of Moldovan scientists from global science. Moldova's participation in the process of the European scientific area has helped to stabilize the country's scientific potentials as well as the dynamism of the reciprocal exchange with the EU scientific community.

One of the most important events in the scientific life was the signing of the Cooperation Agreement with the American Fund for Civil Research and Development (CRDF, USA) in the year of 2000.